For emergencies Dial 9-1-1
Police services are provided by the Pembina Valley Detachment with headquarters in Carman. Their services include General Detachment Policing, Traffic Services as well as Crime Investigation. The Detachment offers 24 hr. policing to the Municipality.
General Inquiries – 204-745-6760; Complaints 204-745-6773
Pembina Valley Detachment
The Carman-Dufferin Fire Department has approximately 22 volunteer firemen. Coverage by the department includes the Town of Carman, R.M. of Dufferin. The Fire Department is well stocked with 2 fire trucks and a Rescue Unit including the “Jaws of Life”.
For more information in joining the Volunteer Fire Department please contact Fire Chief, Ben Vanderzwaag at 204-745-0103 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Fire Chief- Ben Vanderzwaag
Carman Ambulance is one of the 15 ambulance services within the Central Regional Health Authority. There are 2 full-time and approximately 8 casual members. Our service area covers about 600 square miles and includes the town of Carman, Elm Creek, Roseisle, Stephenfield, Graysville, Roland, Homewood and Sperling. We have 2 units that are fully equipped to handle any medical or traumatic emergency. Coverage is provided 24 hours a day, seven days a week by a very dedicated and professional staff that is highly trained in providing medical care and advanced life support to all in need.
Emergencies: Dial 9-1-1 Questions or Comments: 204-745-2021 [icon image=”mail” align=”left”] email@example.com
Emergency Reference Guide
Click below to view and print the Carman/Dufferin Emergency Reference Guide.
SEVERE WEATHER TRAVEL
Winter can be the most hazardous season in which to travel, and it is important to be prepared for problems during every season. The best safety precaution during severe weather conditions is to avoid traveling. However, if you must travel, be prepared.
What To Do When Traveling
• Tune up your vehicle and keep the tank full of fuel.
• For long trips, take drinking water and some snacks.
• Plan your trips in advance and drive well-traveled roads.
• Phone 1-877-627-6237 for highway conditions or go to www.gov.mb.ca/roadinfo.
• Tell family and friends of your route, departure and arrival times.
• Listen to the radio for weather updates.
• If driving conditions become serious, turn back or stop at the side of the road.
• Carry a WINTER SURVIVAL KIT (see below).
Things To Do If You Are Stranded
• Park completely off the traveled portion of the road.
• Set out warning lights or flares.
• Turn on 4-way flashers and the dome light.
• Stay in the vehicle and keep dry.
• Run the engine sparingly for heat.
• Keep the exhaust pipe clear of snow.
• Avoid long exposure and over exertion – shoveling in bitter cold can kill.
• Use a candle in an appropriately sized tin can for heat.
• Keep fresh air in the vehicle by partially opening a sheltered window.
• Exercise in the vehicle by vigorously moving your legs, arms and hands.
• Wear a hat as you lose up to 60% of body heat through your head.
• Do not let all occupants sleep at the same time.
• Keep watch for searchers and other traffic.
WINTER SURVIVAL KIT
• Ice scraper & brush
• Methyl hydrate (fuel line de-icing)
• Flashlight & extra batteries
• Booster cables
• Shovel and tow rope
• Flares or other signal aids
• Sand or kitty litter
• Candles and tin can
• Blankets/warm clothing
• Granola bars, candy, sugar cubes
• First aid kit
• Hatchet or axe
• Cellular phone (Charged)
WHAT TO DO WHEN THERE IS EXTREME HEAT
1. Slow down. Your body can’t do its best in high temperatures.
2. Get out of the heat and into a cooler place as soon as you begin to feel too warm.
3. Drink plenty of water to keep your body from dehydrating.
4. Maintain salt levels in your body. If you are on a salt free diet, check with your doctor.
5. Avoid high protein foods. They increase your body’s water loss and heat production
6. Dress appropriately in lightweight, light-coloured clothing.
7. Avoid getting sunburned; it restricts the body’s cooling system.
The Humidex is an index that describes how hot or humid weather feels to the average person. It is only used when the temperature is over 30 degrees Celsius. The humidex combines the temperature and humidity into one number. A humidex of 40 with a temperature of 30 degrees means that the humidity on that day, combined with the 30 degree temperature, will feel like 40 degrees on a dry day.
A thunderstorm develops in an unstable atmosphere when warm moist air near the earth’s surface rises quickly and cools. The moisture condenses to form rain droplets and dark thunderclouds.
These storms are often accompanied by hail, lightning, heavy rain, high winds, and tornadoes. Thunderstorms are usually over in an hour, although a series of thunderstorms can last for several hours.
During a thunderstorm the air is charged with electricity. Bolts of lightning hit the ground at about 40,000 km/second — so fast that the series of strikes hitting the ground appear to be a single bolt.
What To Do When There Is Lightning
1. Estimate how far away the lightning is. Every second between the flash of lightning and the thunderclap equals 300 meters. If you count fewer than 30 seconds, take shelter immediately.
2. If indoors, stay away from windows, doors, fireplaces, radiators, sinks, bathtubs, appliances, metal pipes, telephones and other things that conduct electricity. (You can use a cellular phone.)
3. Unplug radios, computers, televisions and microwaves.
4. Do not go out to rescue the laundry on the clothesline as it conducts electricity. If outdoors, take shelter in a building, ditch or a culvert, NOT under a tree.
5. If caught in the open, do not lie flat but crouch in the leapfrog position and lower your head.
6. Do not ride bicycles, motorcycles, or golf carts or use metal tools as they conduct electricity.
7. If swimming or in a boat, get back to shore immediately.
8. If you are in a car, stay there but pull away from trees which might fall on you.
9. You may resume activity 30 minutes after the last clap of thunder.
Hail forms when updrafts in thunderclouds carry raindrops upward into extremely cold areas and freeze layer upon layer until they are too heavy and fall to the ground. Hailstones vary in size from peas to grapefruits and fall at great speed. Hailstones have seriously injured people.
What To Do When It Hails
1. Take cover when hail begins to fall.
2. Do not go out to cover plants, cars or garden furniture or to rescue animals.
Tornadoes are violent windstorms identified by their twisting funnel-shaped cloud. They are always produced by thunderstorms but not every thunderstorm produces a tornado. They travel between 20 and 90 km/hour, are erratic, and can change course suddenly. Do not chase tornadoes. Tornado Watch means the weather could develop a tornado. Tornado Warning means a tornado has been seen or it is very likely that one will develop shortly.
WARNING SIGNS OF TORNADOES
• Severe thunderstorms with frequent thunder and lightning
• An extremely dark sky sometimes highlighted by green or yellow clouds
• A rumbling sound, such as a freight train or a whistling sound similar to a jet aircraft
• A funnel cloud at the rear of a thunder cloud, often behind a curtain of heavy rain or hail
WHAT TO DO DURING A TORNADO
If You Are Near A Building
1. Listen to your radio during severe thunderstorms.
2. If a Tornado Warning has been issued take cover immediately.
3. Go to the basement or take shelter in a small interior ground floor room, closet or hallway.
4. Protect yourself by sitting under a heavy table or desk.
5. Stay away from windows and outside walls and doors.
6. Do not use elevators.
7. Avoid large halls, churches, arenas, etc. – their roofs are more likely to collapse.
8. Stay close to the ground, protect your head and hide from flying debris.
If You Are Driving
1. If you are driving, try and get to a nearby shelter – drive away from the tornado at a right angle.
2. Do not get caught in a car or mobile home – take shelter elsewhere. If no shelter is available, lie face down in a ditch or culvert away from the vehicle or mobile home.
3. If a tornado seems to be standing still, it is either traveling away from you or heading right for you.
4. Stay close to the ground, protect your head and hide from flying debris.
Blizzards come in on a wave of cold Artic air, bringing snow, bitter cold, high winds and poor visibility. On average, the storms and cold of winter kill more than 100 people every year which is more than the total number of people killed by hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, lightning and extreme heat.
Canada’s wind chill index is based on the loss of heat from the face. It was developed using human volunteers, computer technology, and a better understanding of how skin loses heat. The index is expressed in temperature-like units, which are easier for everyone to understand. The best way to understand wind chill is to think of it as a feeling. The new wind chill index represents how your skin will feel at a given temperature on a calm day. For instance, if the outside air temperature is –5C and the wind chill is –25, your face will feel as cold as it would at –25C on a calm day.
What To Do In A Blizzard
1. When a blizzard is forecast, stay tuned for up-dates.
2. String a lifeline between your house and any outbuildings you may have to go to during a storm.
3. If on a farm with livestock, bring the animals into the barn. Give them plenty of water and food.
4. When a blizzard hits, stay indoors.
5. If you must go outside, dress for the weather. Outer clothing should be tightly woven and water repellent.
Wear mitts and a hat, as most body heat is lost through the head.
|What to do for wind chill: Wind Chill||Health Concern||What To Do|
|0 to -9||• Slight discomfort||• Dress warmly|
|-10 to -24||• Uncomfortable• Bare skin feels cold• Risk of hypothermia||• Dress in layers• Wear a hat, mitts & scarf• Keep active|
|-25 to -44||• Skin may freeze• Risk of hypothermia||• Check face, fingers, toes, ears & nose for numbness or whiteness• Dress in layers – cover bare skin• Wear a hat, mitts & scarf• Keep active|
|-45 to -59||• Bare skin may freeze in minutes||• Check face, fingers, toes, ears & nose for numbness or whiteness• Dress in layers – cover bare skin• Wear a hat, mitts & scarf• Keep active|
|-60 and colder||• Bare skin may freeze in less than 2 minutes||• It is dangerous! Stay indoors|
A heavy rainfall can result in flooding. This is particularly true when the ground is still frozen or already saturated from previous storms. Floods may also result if a heavy rain coincides with spring thaw.
What To Do During A Heavy Rain
1. Stay indoors.
2. If there is a possibility of flooding in your area, listen to the radio or TV to find out what areas are flooded or flooding.
3. Stay away from flooded areas.
Flooding is traditionally slow to develop, allowing for increased preparation time. Some simple diligence on the homeowner’s part will help lessen the effects of the rising water. During an emergency event Municipal phone lines will be established to provide information.
WHAT TO DO WHEN FLOODING IS FORCASTED:
Preparing for the rising waters..
1. Know the elevation (level) of your access roadway, as well as that of your property..
2. Monitor Provincial and Municipal websites for daily flood reports. This information is available on the website at:
3. Check you dyke’s structure and gates, repair as required.
4. Ensure items not protected by your dyke are moved to higher ground.
5. Protect wells that are on low lying unprotected areas with dyking.
6. Obtain the services of a boat and personal flotation devices.
7. Contact your Agricultural Representative regarding the relocation of farm produce, livestock, poultry etc.
1. Monitor event via Websites or by contacting your local authority.
2. Monitor radio stations for information updates.
3. Install plugs in basement drains and check sewer back up valves.
4. Move personal belongings to second floor or out of dwelling.
5. Remove all chemical products from the basement and other flood prone areas.
6. Store fresh drinking water, Regular drinking water supply may become contaminated.
7. If evacuation becomes necessary, follow instructions of the local officials and evacuation instructions in this booklet.
HAZARDOUS MATERIAL RELEASE
Hazardous materials are chemicals that are harmful to humans and the environment. Accidents with hazardous materials may require us to take action to protect ourselves.
People may be exposed to a hazardous material when there is a fire or an accidental spill. A powder may be blown by the wind or carried through the community on vehicle tires. Smoke and heat from a fire can carry hazardous materials. A spill on the ground can evaporate and become airborne. A chemical, such as ammonia or chlorine, may also be released as a gas and mix with the air.
The hazardous material may be seen as a cloud or it may not be seen at all. Sometimes we may be able to smell or taste a hazardous material to warn us of its presence. However, this is not always the case and it is not the same for everybody. The effect that a hazardous material may have on our bodies depends on its nature, concentration, and the length of time we are exposed to it.
An important thing to remember is that you do not want to get any of the hazardous material on you. If it is in the air or on your skin it may enter your body and cause you harm. Take action to protect yourself. Do not visit the accident site. If citizens are required to take action, you will be given instructions about what to do via Emergency Response Vehicles using sirens and loud-halers or by personal contact. Follow these instructions. Listen to the radio for updated information.
Review the shelter-in-place and evacuation information in this guide.
What To Do During A Hazardous Material Release
1. Do not go see what is happening!
2. Follow instructions provided by emergency response personnel!
3. Be prepared to shelter-in-place or evacuate!